Tolstoy, Leo

Tolstoy, Leo
   Novelist and Philanthropist.
   Tolstoy was born into a Russian aristocratic family. He was educated at the University of Kazan and he fought in the Crimean War. After travelling through Europe, he returned to his estate in Tula where he freed the serfs and established schools. Today he is primarily remembered for his two novels (in their English titles) War and Peace and Anna Karenina. These are regarded as masterpieces of Russian literature. Later he turned away from fiction and he concentrated on religious and ethical subjects. He lived a life of simplicity, identifying with the poor and emphasising the moral teachings of Christianity. He rejected the doctrine of the divinity of Jesus Christ and ultimately he was excommunicated from the Russian Church.
   In his final years he took up the cause of the Doukhobors, a peasant sect; adherents believed that the Trinity appeared in the human soul as memory, reason and will and they organised their communities on communist lines. Tolstoy’s last novel, Resurrection, was written in their defence.
   E.J. Simmons, Introduction to Tolstoy’s Writings (1969);
   G. Steiner, Tolstoy or Dostoevsky: An Essay in Contrast (1960);
   S. Tolstoy, Tolstoy Remembered (1961);
   A.N. Wilson, Tolstoy (1988).

Who’s Who in Christianity . 2014.

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  • Tolstoy, Leo — Russian Lev Nikolayevich, Count Tolstoy born Sept. 9, 1828, Yasnaya Polyana, Tula province, Russian Empire died Nov. 20, 1910, Astapovo, Ryazan province Russian writer, one of the world s greatest novelists. The scion of prominent aristocrats,… …   Universalium

  • TOLSTOY, Leo — (1828 1910)    Russian Count, SOCIAL REFORMER and author best known for his classic novels such as War and Peace (1864 1869) and Anna Karenina (1873 1877). A MYSTIC who sought GOD and rejected such TRADITIONAL CHRISTIAN doctrines as the… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Leo Tolstoy — Tolstoy and Tolstoi redirect here. For other uses, see Tolstoy (disambiguation). This name uses Eastern Slavic naming customs; the patronymic is Nikolayevich and the family name is Tolstoy. Leo Tolstoy …   Wikipedia

  • Tolstoy — Tolstoyan, Tolstoian, adj., n. Tolstoyism, n. Tolstoyist, n. /tohl stoy, tol /; Russ. /tul stoy /, n. Leo or Lev Nikolaevich /lev nik euh luy euh vich /; Russ. /lyef nyi ku lah yi vyich/ …   Universalium

  • Leo — /lee oh/, n., gen. Leonis /lee oh nis/ for 1. 1. Astron. the Lion, a zodiacal constellation between Virgo and Cancer, containing the bright star Regulus. 2. Astrol. a. the fifth sign of the zodiac: the fixed fire sign. See illus. under zodiac. b …   Universalium

  • Tolstoy (family) — Tolstoy Coat of arms Ethnicity Russian Current region Russia, United Kingdom …   Wikipedia

  • Tolstoy (disambiguation) — Tolstoy may refer to *the Tolstoi family, see Tolstoy *the famous novelist, see Leo Tolstoy (1828–1910) *the poet, novelist and dramatist, see Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy (1817–1875) *the other writer, see Aleksey Nikolayevich Tolstoy… …   Wikipedia

  • Leo — is the Latin word for lion. Leo can also refer to:* Leo (constellation) * Leo (astrology), a sign of the Zodiac * Leo the Lion (MGM), the mascot of the Metro Goldwyn Mayer film studio * Leo (film), a 2000 Spanish film, written and directed by… …   Wikipedia

  • Leo Wiener — (1862–1939), American historian, linguist, author and translator of Polish Jewish origin.Was a polyglot knew more than twenty languages.Since 1896 taught at the cathedra of Slavic cultures at Harvard University and became the first American… …   Wikipedia

  • Tolstoy — or Tolstoi [tōl′stoi΄, täl′stoi; ] Russ [ tō̂l stoi′] Count Leo Nikolayevich [nē΄kō̂ lä′ye vich΄] 1828 1910; Russ. novelist & social theoretician: Russ. given name Lev Tolstoyan adj. Tolstoian …   English World dictionary